Diabetes Type 1 & Type 2 can lead to the microvasculature of the eye becoming damaged and causing intra-retinal leakage that causes permanent blindness and other complications. The weakening of the vasculature of the eye is made possible by the presence of high glucose levels so naturally, diabetic retinopathy is a complication of high importance in the management of any diabetes type.
Unfortunately, symptoms do not arise until some loss of vision has already taken place. Blurriness or partial blindness is a grievance that does not arrive with a warning. This is why important steps and precautions should be taken when suffering from diabetes; simply because dealing with complications can compound the disease entirely and affect its outlook sharply. The obvious prophylactic measure to practice is a yearly eye examination (with dilation) so as to catch unwelcome developments early on.
A more accurate type of test, called an angiography, uses a special dye that is injected into your blood stream. This dye is uses a radioactive isotope for detection and visualization of retinal damage and can be viewed by an x-ray machine or a CT scan as it makes its way through the vasculature. Once the dye reaches the eye blood vessels, the blood vessel damage can be witnessed as it circulates.
Luckily, Diabetic Retinopathy can be treated if caught in its early stages. An amazing laser technique is available where the laser used is so precise and accurate that it can target the “leakage” problem zones and seal off the vessels’ weakness. However, the length of time in which Diabetic Retinopathy has already been present is a contributing factor in the efficacy of laser treatment. As should be expected, the drawbacks and benefits should be weighed and determined with the assistance of your eye professional.
The prophylaxis of Diabetic Retinopathy goes hand in hand with the proper management of any diabetes type, namely, keeping blood sugar at respectable levels. Controlling the reigns when it comes to blood glucose is the common denominator of success and is logically considered to be the crucial biochemical and dietary aspect for treatment among all of diabetes and its accompanying complications. Hence, a winning strategic combination would be yearly eye exams along appropriate maintenance of blood sugar levels.