Virtually any literature about diabetes is filled with how it affects many organs in the body as well as an innumerable amount of metabolic and physiological processes. It is hardly mentioned however, how much dermatological damage diabetes can cause. While it is natural to be wary of more ‘popular’ complications like diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy and diabetes-induced kidney disease, the pathogens that thrive in a state of diabetes can bring about very serious skin conditions.
Bacterium Induced Diseases
The Staphylococcus family of bacteria is responsible for many bacterial infections such as:
– Infection of the glandular structures found in the eyelids, known as Stye
– Abscesses (Blisters)
– Infection of the follicles of the hair, known as Folliculitis
– Deep tissue infection, known as carbuncles
– Infection of the distal tip of the fingers around the nail area.
Inflammation of tissue is expressed by swelling, pain and a feeling of increased heat on and around the infected are of the skin.
Many years ago, these types of infections could be fatal. However, due to constant research and the scientific endeavor to find answers, death by one of these infections is extremely rare. With the availability of antibiotics, heightened awareness and better management of diabetes methods used today, these infections can be properly controlled if not cured.
Infection by Fungi
Candida Albicans is the fungus most frequently blamed as the perpetrator, and with good reason. Candida Albicans is a yeast and its presence is expressed by itchiness, redness, and moistness enclosed by small boils and scaly derma. Fungal infections thrive in a warm and damp environment and the sites of common infections such as the edges of the mouth, around creases or between folded skins, beneath breasts, around reproductive organs and between toes (athletes foot) to name a few.
Here are some common diabetes induced dermatological conditions that diabetics are prone to:
– Acanthosis Nigricans
– Diabetic Dermopathy
– Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
– Bullosis Diabeticorum
– Eruptive Xanthomatosis
– Digital Sclerosis
– Disseminated Granuloma Anulare